File:JREurope.jpg|thumb|275px|right|James Reese Europe sheet music in the Library of Congress collections.
'''James Reese Europe''' (22 February 1881 – 9 May 1919) was an American ragtime
and early jazz bandleader
, and composer
. He was the leading figure on the African-American
music scene of New York City in the 1910s. Eubie Blake
called him the "Martin Luther King
[[http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/ihas/loc.natlib.ihas.200038842/default.html "James Reese Europe", ''Performing Arts Encyclopedia'', Library of Congress]]